Choosing the best Route for climbing Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro with Moshi Town in the front / by GOOGLE

Deciding the best route for climbing Kilimanjaro is a very individual question as this depends on your fitness level and on the time that you want to spend on the mountain. In generall you can say that the more time you soend on the mountain, the higher is your chance to make it Uhuru Peak. Your body will have more time to adapt to the high altitude and you can avoid suffering from Altitude Mountain Sickness.

There are seven established routes to climb Mount Kilimanjaro. Shira Route has been closed so we offer the following six routes:


All climbs start from your accomodation in Moshi by jeep to the different entrance gates around Kilimanjaro. The Marangu, Machame, and Umbwe routes all approach from the south of the mountain. The Mweka Gate is used only for descent. The Lemosho, Shira and Northern Circuit routes arrive from the west. The Rongai route approaches from the north. Below you see an illustration of Moshi Town and the different Gates for your climb.

Tanzania Horizon Safaris offers a variety of Climbing Routes to climb Kilimanjaro. Please see our recommendations according to the route and required days:

The Marangu Route


The Marangu Route is the classic trek on Mount Kilimanjaro as it is the oldest and most famous route. It starts and ends in Marangu Village and is considered to be the fastest climb on the mountain. It is also the only route that offers sleeping huts and dormitory accomodations.

A minimum days required for this route is five days, although the possibility by chosing 5 Days for unexperienced climbers is quite low. Spending an additonal day on the mountain for better acclimatization is highly recommended when chosing the Marangu route.

The route is only recommended for a fast summit as it is the least scenic route with not much variety the ascent and descent are done on the same path and it is the most crowded route for that reason. Marangu is favored only if you are looking for speed and only during the rainy season, where the hut accommodations are preferred over wet ground, or for those who only have five days to climb Kilimanjaro. Please click below for futher information.


The Machame Route

The Machame Route arrives from Machame Village and is now one of the most popular routes on Kilimanjaro. The route is considered to be difficult due to its steepness and long hiking days. Therefore we recommend the Machame Route mostly to experienced climbers and people looking for a bigger challenge.
The route arrived from the southwest to Shira 2 Camp towards Lava Tower, crossing underneath Kilimanjaro's southern ice field to Barafu Camp before summit. The minimum number of days required for this route is six days, although seven days is better for easier acclimitazion. The route is scenically beautiful but quite crowded due to its popularity.


The Lemosho Route

The Lemosho Route is considered to be the most beautiful trek on Kilimanjaro due to its different landscapes and panoramic views and low traffic of visitors. It starts in the west of Kilimanjaro at Londorossi Gate. It starts in a tropical Rain Forest, crossing the entire Shira Plateau. Climbers can expect low traffic until the route reaches Shira 2 Camp and the Machame Route. It then follows through Lava Tower, Barranco and Barafu Camp before summit.

The minimum number of days for this route is six days, but we highly recommend 7 Days Lemosho or even 8 Days Lemosho Route for the highest chance of summiting.


The Northern Circuit Route

The impressive Northern Circuit Route is the newest, and probably the most exciting route on Kilimanjaro. Sharing Londorossi Gate as starting point it follows the Lemosho trail before turning nort to Moir Hut, approaching Kilimanjaro from the northern side. This side of the mountain is rarely visited and offers spectecular views of Kenya and the glaciers.

The Northern Circuit route is a long distance beautiful climb. Therefore we recommend to use 9 Days Northern Circuit for the perfect mixture of enjoying the mountain and having appropriate time for acclimatizion.

With a high stunning scenery, very low number of visitors and high success rate, the Northern Circuit Route is definetely one of the best routes to climb Kilimanjaro.


The Rongai Route

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The Rongai Route is mostly recommended during rain season as it is has less rainfall by arriving from the north of Kilimanjaro. It has a similar profile as the Marangu Route but is less crowded. Passes the Rongai Cave ascending straight forward to School Hut Camp and then to summit Uhuru Peak. The Rongai Route is a relatively moderate climb. Descend is done via Marangu Route.

The recommended minimum number of days for Rongai Route is at least 6 Days Rongai but 7 Days Rongai is highly recommended.


The Umbwe Route

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If you are looking for a challenge then Umbwe Route might be the perfect choice for you! It is short and steep most of the time and therefore considered to be one of the most difficult routes to climb Kilimanjaro. As the time for acclimatization is short, not many visitors use this exhausting route. A minumum of 6 Days Umbwe is highly recommended and should only be used by strong, experienced climbers. Please contact us for further information!


When is the Best Time to Climb Kilimanjaro?

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It is possible to climb Kilimanjaro all year around so you can decide according to your schedule. There are some months that are more favorable for climbing though as the weather is dryer and therefore more convenient as hiking in rain and snow is more exhausting because of the cold. The best months are from December to March & then again from June to October. Of couse there are more visitors during these months so you should decide what is the best time according to your preferences. We prepared a table where you can see our all important aspects as temperatures, rainfall, visitors and our recommendations.

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Dry Season:
Dry season (between December & March) is the ideal time to climb Kilimanjaro as the days are relatively warm on the mountain during daytime and you will hardly face any rain and snow during your climb. The second Dry Season starts in June until October which is quite a long time - but therefore has a lot of visitors on basically all routes. One of the best months is March as rainfalls only start but there is a very good chance that the weather will remain dry for several days.

Rain Season:
Climbing during rain season is tough but beautiful at the same time. It is not highly recommended but if you are looking for a challenge and empty routes it is possible to climb, but chances to summit are lower as the weather can be very difficult and it is very exhausting to walk over the snow. You should Choose the best Route with more days as this makes it easier to acclimatize well and summit at the right time.

You can plan a Private Climb with us or find a Climbing Group to join!
Contact us for further information!

Which Kilimanjaro Route should I climb?



7 Routes, 1 Goal - to make it to Uhuru Point 5.895m above sea level!

Each route has different characteristics and require a different amount of days. Choosing the best route is very individual and is an important step to your success. We recommend to communicate with us as your success is our success and we wish you to be safe at all times while on the mountain! We offer climbs between 5 and 9 Days for all kind of climbers.

Some considerations that you might think about before deciding your route are the following points:

In general one can say that the more time you spend on the mountain the better are the chances for your to summit. Please remember that climbing & hiking at such a high altitude might cause Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), especially if you are ascending too fast. It is a risk that can be prevented by choosing a route with more days on the mountain. Everybody must decide this according to personal preferences. Let us help you to make the right choice by reading the information given on our website and by contacting us.

Tanzania Horizon Safaris offers the following routes:



Climbing Kilimanjaro at Full Moon

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Summiting Mt. Kilimanjaro at night usually requires to carry a headlamp or a flashlight. Not so when you are climbing the mountain in the strong moonlight of a full moon – if you are lucky it will be a cloudless, crystall clear night on the top of Africa! This is pure magic! Witnessing the amazing event of a full moon over the highest mountain in Africa definetely requires some good timing as you will have to book your flight to arrive on time, choose the righ Climbing Route and proceed to summit around the full moon night - seems difficult?
We agree it is not easy - but you can do it!



Please check our moon calendar or check the Full Moon Group Climbs that we prepared specifically for you. This can contribute to make your summit night even more unforgettable! Please note that even though every effort is made to give you the accurate full moon dates - we can not guarantee a 100% confirmed full moon. Please use these dates as a first idea and contact us for further details. We will be happy to assist you to make it to Uhuru Peak under the full moon. You should start considering a Full Moon climb and contact us at least 3 month prior to your climb to make sure that we can arrange everything!

The history of climbing Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro’s three peaks were formed after volcanic eruptions millions of years ago. One volcanic cone, Shira, is now extinct and eroded, while the other two, Mawenzi and Kibo, “melted” together after subsequent eruptions. Kibo is now the highest with its famous Uhuru Peak at 5.895m above sea level.

There is no single explanation for Kilimanjaro’s name and there are many theories as to where it comes from. Local peoples have looked at Kilimanjaro with reverence and named it “Mountain of Greatness” (Swahili) or “That which defeats the caravan” (Chagga Tribe Language) or “White Mountain” (Maasai). The Maasai have also called it the “The mountain of Water”, as it is the source of water for the entire area.

Mount Kilimanjaro - History timeline:

1000 BC

Kitchen tools such as stone bowls hinted at cultures inhabiting the slopes of the mountain a millennium before Christ.

150 AC

Ptoleny of Alexandria in Egypt mentioned “lands … where barbaric cannibals lived near a wide shallow bay and where, inland, one could find a great snow mountain”.


Arab historian and geographer, Abu’l Fida speaks of a mountain in the interior that was “white in colour”.


Portuguese explorers started arriving on the coast to discover unknown land. In 1519 Fernandes de Encisco said “West of Mombasa (Kenya) is the Ethiopian Mount Olympus, which is very high, and further off are the Mountains of the Moon in which are the sources of the Nile.”



German geology professor Hans Meyer was the first recorded person to stand on top of Kilimanjaro. He needed 3 attempts to make it to Uhuru Peak. He was quite unpopular with his crew as he was a firm believer in corporal punishment.



Gertrude Benham (22 years old) of London reached the top of Kilimanjaro, alone. She was the first woman ever to reach Uhuru Peak. Her porters, scared of melting snow thinking it was bewitched, chose to stay behind. It was thought she was “immune” to mountain sickness.


Pastor Richard Reusch found a dead leopard on the crater rim. Later a glacier was named after the pastor that became famous in Europe for his stories about the beauty of Mount Kilimanjaro.


The Kibo Hut was constructed. It was the first constant hut that was established at high altitude to reach the summit.


58 visitors were climbing Kilimajaro, becoming the first commercial visitors of Uhuru Peak.


A team of the University of Sheffield and the Tanganyika Geological Survey declared the volcano dormant and almost extinct.


Almost a thousand climbers visited the mountain annually.


Tanganyika and Zanzibar united to become Tanzania. A torch was placed on the summit to celebrate independence and unity. To celebrate the new country, the name of the peak was changed to “Uhuru” peak meaning “freedom”.


Kilimanjaro visitors have increased to more than 10.000 climbers per year.


A Tanzanian man climbed from Umbwe Gate to the summit and back in 9 hours 19 minutes. He carried all his gear and took a break to film himself at the top.


Kilimanjaro National Park Authorities recorded 40 000 people on the mountain, the most popular route being the Machame route with 15 000 visitors.



Swiss-Ecuadorian Karl Egloff has set a new speed record for climbing Kilimanjaro, completing the stretch to the summit and back in just 6 hours, 56 minutes and 24 seconds. He went up Umbwe Route and returned via Mweka Gate.

Private Climb or Group Climb - Should I join a group to climb Kilimanjaro?

Tanzania Horizon Safaris is offering a large variation how to climb Mount Kilimanjaro. You can choose your preferred Route according to your fitness level and the time you want to spend on the mountain. We offer Private Climbs that can start any time and offer the possibility to join Group Climbs.

Private climbs are recommended if you have a specific date to climb Kilimanjaro and if you want to climb more individually. You can book a solo climb for 1 person to set your individual speed OR you can book a private climb with your friends and family to be more flexible about your arrival dates.

Please contact us for further information!

As a solo traveller you might want to join a group to share the experience of climbing Kilimanjaro with others. It is a great option to reduce costs and increase your motivation while hiking together as a team. All our groups are limited to a maximum of 15 climbers. Our climbers/crew-ration is 1/3 so a group of 6 climbers will have a crew of about 18-20 crew members.

Please contact us for further information!

When are the best months to climb Kilimanjaro?

The best months to climb Kilimanjaro

It is possible to climb Kilimanjaro all year around. That to be said you don’t have to worry about your timetable BUT there are some months of the year that are favorable to climb because of weather conditions. These months are usually the driest months, as climbing by rain and by snow can make your experience more exhausting and decrease success rates to summit. As Tanzania is located close to the equator there is no summer and winter as in other parts of the world but there rainy and dry seasons that change the amount of rainfall and temperatures. YES it is Africa and YES it does get very cold up on the mountain!

On your arrival day you will arrive in Moshi town where temperatures can easily reach 30 °C (86 °F). From here you will start to ascend everyday between 800m to 1000m. You will basically cross an entire climate zone per day until you reach the summit (read: Kilimanjaro’s Climate Zones). Especially summit night is a challenge as temperatures can drop down to -25 degrees Celcius (-13 °F). That doesn’t mean that you won’t be able to climb during rain season, but the challenge is higher as hiking through rain and snow is more exhausting and slower than average.

The driest and warmest months:

January, February, September

Beginning of March, late June, July, August and October are also good months.

The coldest and raniest month:

April, May, early June, November, December

What Gear Do I have to carry in my Day Pack?

Tanzania Horizon Clients Pictures (7).JPG

To climb Kilimanjaro you should limit yourself to carry only the items from our Gear List. This list contains all important things that you will need for a successfull climb. Of couse you can add personal items but you should try not to exceed the total weight to carry.

Your Kilimanjaro Gear will be packed in 2 bags:

  1. Your Daypack

  2. Your Duffel Bag


In your Daypack you will only carry items that you need to reach the next camp. You will have to carry the Daypack by yourself during the entire climb. A regular backpack, with a capacity of about 30 to 35 liters (equally 10kg) is the maximum that you should carry with you. As every day will be different, also the items in your Daypack will change according to the expected climate and weather conditions.
A Daypack contains:
Water bottles/Water bladder (3 to 4 liters), snacks, gloves, hat, sunglasses, lip balm, sun screen, rain jacket, walking poles. Our guides will tell you every morning what conditions you will face and how to pack your Daypack.
All gear can be rented on arrival in Moshi so that you don’t have to carry all items in your luggage!



In your Duffel Bag you will have to place all items that you need, but not during daytime. That includes your sleeping bag, sleeping mattress, additonal clothes, extra pair of shoes and other items. The Duffel Bag will be carried by our porters for you from camp to camp. The maximum weight for a full Duffel Bag is limited to 20kg (including the bag itself) and will be checked before climbing. You should use plastic bags (dry bags) to organize your items inside your Duffel Bag. You have to pack your Daypack and Duffel Bag every morning before starting to climb. Please note that porters are usually carrying Duffel Bags on the top of their heads so please make their life easier by arranging your items well!

You might want to continue reading information about your “Gear List”.

All necessary Gear can be rented before climbing!

Please do not hesitate to contact us for further information!

Do I need a Travel Insurance for climbing Kilimanjaro?

A valid Travel Insurance is required to climb Kilimanjaro!

Travel Insurance.jpg

Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro without a valid Travel Insurance is not possible as there is a high risk of emergency due to Altitude Mountain Sickness or simply dangerous weather conditions. It is important to check if the insurance is valid up to 6.000 meters altitude.

Tanzania Horizon Safaris doesn not directly offer Travel Insurances but we highly recommend to all our clients to find an insurance prior your trip. We must check your travel insurance before allowing you to climb Kilimanjaro. It is for your own good to protect your investment against any cancellation, interruption, delays and unforeseeable expenses. Travel insurances usually provide coverage for:

  • Trip cancellations

  • Trip interruptions

  • Missed connection flights or transfers

  • Travel delays

  • Baggage delay and personal items lost while travelling

  • Hurricane and dangerous weather conditions

  • Medical conditions

  • Emergency medical

  • Emergency evacuation

  • Financial default

  • Terrorism / Unforseen dangers

Tanzania Horizon Safaris is collaborating with Kilimanjaro Search and Rescue (SAR), a company that specialized on emergency rescue on Kilimanjaro by helicopter. SAR is only operating if clients have a valid Travel Insurance that covers costs for emergency evacuation up to 6.000 meters. We highly recommend to get in touch with your insurance early enough but at least 14 days before starting your flight and immediately after booking your climb with us. We will ask you on arrival about your Travel Insurance. Clients who fail to proove their valid Travel Insurance cannot start climbing Kilimanjaro.

We recommend not to take the cheapest offer but instead to choose an insurance that you trust!

Here is a short list of online Travel Insurances that you might consider:

What Are the Entry Requirements for Tanzania?

Karibu Tanzania! - Welcome to Tanzania!

The Entry Decleration Form must be filled on arrival

Before booking your flight to Tanzania and booking with us, please make sure to check the Visa requirements for your country by contacting the embassy of your country in Tanzania. There you will get detailed information and required documents before arriving Tanzania. For most visitors it will be possible to enter Tanzania with a valid passport and to get a Visa at the airport on arrival, but every country has different requirements. In some cases you must apply for a Visa in your home country long time before arriving Tanzania.

Visitors planning to enter the United Republic of Tanzania should be in possession of a valid passport, at least six months prior to expiration. The passport must be presented along with one of the following documents:

  • A valid Visa

  • Resident permit

  • A passport with sufficiant free pages

In general, there are 3 possibilities to enter Tanzania:

  1. Applying for a Visa at the Tanzanian Embassy in your home country before travelling
    This is the safest way to get a valid Visa BEFORE arriving in Tanzania. However, this can take long time as you will have to submit your passport and embassies can be slow to send them back or passports can even get lost. If you apply for a Visa before arrival in Tanzania, you can skip the Visa application line at the airport and go straight to your luggage.

  2. Getting your Visa at the airport on arrival in Tanzania
    This is the easiest and fastest way to enter Tanzania. All you need is your valid passport, enough free pages inside your passport for the Visa document and money to pay for the Visa. A tourist Visa costs about 50 USD that are payable at the Visa counter at the airport. This option is not possible for all countries, therefore we highly recommend to check the Visa requirements of your individual country!

  3. Commonwealth Residency
    If you are resident of a Commonwealth country you are not required to obtain a Visa unless they are citizens of the United Kingdom, Canada, Nigeria, or India.

When you arrive in Tanzania you will be given an Entry Decleration Form that is required to fill before going to the Visa application counter. We recommend to have a pen ready to save time. The Entry Decleration Form will be checked and some additional questions about your travel might be asked and you must show your valid passport. It can take a while to proceed to the next Visa counter where you will have to pay for your Tourist Visa (it usually costs about 50 USD payable in cash). It will again take a while to receive your passport back with your Visa included. This procedure usually takes about 1 hour. The only way to speed up this process is to apply for a Visa BEFORE arriving Tanzania.

Entry points to the United Republic of Tanzania are all international airports and Zanzibar Harbour:
Namanga, Tunduma, Sirari, Horohoro, Kigoma port, Dar es Salaam International Airport, Kilimanjaro International Airport, Zanzibar Harbour and Zanzibar Airport.

How do I workout to Climb Kilimanjaro?

Tanzania Horizon Safaris Clients Pictures (3).JPG

While climbing Mount Kilimanjaro you will basically face 4 main challenges:

  1. Many hours of hiking (6-8 hours per day)

  2. Carrying your Daypack (10kg / 20lbs)

  3. Cold temperatures (summit at -25 °C / -13 °F)

  4. High Altitude

It will be a physical and mental challenge to climb Mount Kilimanjaro and not a walk in the park. This is what makes it a once-in-a-lifetime experience. Almost 50% of all climbers fail to arrive Uhuru Peak. Tanzania Horizon Safaris is proud to have very high success rates on all routes. This is because of our safety standards, our experienced guides and our communication prior to climb Kilimanjaro. In the following steps we will explain to you how you can prepare yourself in the best possible way before arriving Tanzania and before climbing Uhuru Peak. We advise you to start your workout 2 months or at least 1 month before climbing Kilimanjaro.

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The best ways to train for Kilimanjaro:

  • They easiest and best way for climbing Kilimanjaro is to go hiking!

  • Being in a good physical shape will definetely make it easier for you to climb 6-8 hours per day as your legs are stronger and carrying the weight of your Daypack will feel easier for you. You don’t have to spend endless hours in the gym or do all kind of crazy exercises.
    Your body will adapt to walking, hiking and climbing many hours and your mind will get used to it so that it becomes more natural to you. It will give you a big advantage to wear your climbing shoes so that your feet won’t suffer when actually climbing Kilimanjaro. We advise you to go hiking for several hours, uphill & downhill, preferably at higher altitude. The more you hike before, the easier it will become. You will also gain more confidence in your abilities as you will develop experience and your body becomes more resistant to small aches and pain that will occur. You should consider to carry a realistic Kilimanjaro Daypack with a maximum of 10kg / 20lbs at least from time to time. If you are a beginner you can start without a Daypack and few hours and then step by step increase the distance and carried weight by using a small Daypack. Try to push your limits and go for a long hike about 10 to 7 days before arriving Tanzania.

  • It depends on where you live if you are used to the cold climate on Kilimanjaro. This is something that you might not be able to simulate. But if you are living in a very warm area you might consider to add some extra layers to your luggage. That can be an additonal longsleeve shirt, long underwear, warmer socks and other ways to protect yourself from the cold. Temperatures will drop drastically at night and the wind can be freezing. Catching a cold on the mountain or waking up at night feeling cold can be dangerous for your health and might even stop you from climbing so please be aware of that. However, our mountain equipment will keep you warm at night as we are using materials specified for temperature up to -30 °C / -22 °F.

  • A healthy lifestyle definetely helps to successfully climb Kilimanjaro. You should try to eat healthy, avoid drinking too much alcohol and smoking at least 2 weeks prior to your climb. Sleep at least 8 hours and get adapted to the wake up hours on the mountain. Everyday starts at 6:30 AM and you will go to sleep at around 8PM or 9PM except summit night. You can see climbing Kilimanjaro as a motivation to change your habits and to do something good for your body by working out regularly, go hiking frequently and be more conscious about the food that you are eating.

  • By following the above steps you are increasing your chances of reaching Uhuru Peak at 5.895m. Even though, there is hardly any way to prevent your body from Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS). It can happen to beginners as well as experienced climbers. It occurs when you are climbing too fast, so that your body can not adapt enough to the change of oxygen level at high altitude. If you have the chance to train at high altitude before climbing Kilimanjaro it can help you, but AMS only occurs above 2.500m / 8202ft and your body needs several days to adapt your blood cells to carry more oxygen. Altitude Mountain Sickness (AMS) is the biggest challenge on the mountain and is not a joke. It is the main reason why climbers do not make it to the top of Kilimanjaro and can even cause death! Therefore it is essential to choose enough days spend on the mountain to give your body enough time to adapt to high altitude. Your safety is our first priority, your success is our success!

    Our team will assist you 100% and our guides will make sure that you will reach your goal so please listen to your guides at all times!

You can read more about related topics:

Altitude Mountain Sickness (AMS)

How to choose the best Route to climb Kilimanjaro?

Climbing Gear List - What Gear Do I Need to climb Kilimanjaro?

Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro is an adventure - a physical and mental challenge as you are crossing different climate zones and facing changing weather conditions.

Everyday on the mountain will be different and the weather can change anytime. All our climbs start in a hot, tropical rainforest zone that will turn into a rough, dry area before reaching the arctic zone with temperatures below -25 °C (-13 °F). Beside preparing yourself physically and mentally, having the right equipment is essential for your success!

Tanzania Horizon Safaris will assist you to choose the right gear for your climb as we have helped throusands of successfull climbers before. We have prepared a Gear List for you that will show you all that you need from the Park Gates, all the way to Uhuru Peak at 5.895m.

Follow this simple rule: Add some layers!

An onion has many layers and so should anyone trekking in cold temperatures. Your gear can be divided into three layers: a base layer, a mid-layer and an outer layer.

The most common mistake that climbers make is that they over pack and bring way too much gear.

  • Be selective in what you take with you and follow the advices of our list. For all excess weight you will need to pay for an additional porter. This should happen only in special cases!

  • You have to carry 4 liters of water in your Daypack. You can use water bottles, water bladders and thermo bottles. As temperatures can go below freezing, we recommend to carry thermo bottles and to use the water bladder during daytime

  • Don’t drink and climb ;) Alcohol will create severe problems on the mountain and you risk to fail to summit

  • All luggage that you don’t need to climb can be safely stored at your hotel while you are climbing

  • As your travel luggage might get lost or arrive later than you, there is a chance that you might not receive your luggage on time. We recommend to travel with the most important things you need for your Daypack in your hand luggage

  • You will be able to leave the luggage that you don’t need during your climb at your accomodation where it will be kept securly.

Your Kilimanjaro Gear will contain 2 different bags:



  • Your Daypack
    In your Daypack you will only carry items that you need to reach the next camp and should never exceed 10kg (20lbs). You will have to carry the Daypack by yourself during the entire climb. A regular backpack, with a capacity of about 30 to 35 liters is the maximum that you should carry with you. As every day will be different, also the items in your Daypack will change according to the expected climate and weather conditions.
    A Daypack contains:
    Water bottles/Water bladder (total: 3 to 4 liters), snacks, gloves, hat, sunglasses, sun screen, rain jacket, walking poles, lip balm. Our guides will tell you every morning what conditions you will face and how to pack your Daypack.



  • Your Duffel Bag
    In your Duffel Bag you will have to place all items that you need, but not during daytime. That means your sleeping bag, sleeping matress, additonal clothes, soap, extra pair of shoes and other items. The Duffel Bag will be carried by our porters for you from camp to camp. The maximum weight for a full Duffel Bag is limited to 90 liters / 15kg and will be checked before climbing. You should use plastic bags (dry bags) to organize your items inside your Duffel Bag.

All gear can be rented on arrival in Moshi so that you don’t have to carry all items in your luggage!

The Kilimanjaro Climbing Gear List:



Technical Clothing
1 - Waterproof Jacket, breathable with hood
1 - Insulated Jacket, synthetic or down
1 - Soft Jacket, fleece or soft-shell
2 - Long Sleeve Shirt, light-weight, moisture-wicking fabric
1 - Short Sleeve Shirt, light-weight, moisture-wicking fabric
1 - Waterproof Pants, breathable (side zipper recommended)
2 - Hiking Pants 
1 - Fleece Pants
1 - Long Underwear, moisture-wicking fabric
3 - Underwear, moisture-wicking fabric recommended
2 - Sport Bra (women)
1 - Shorts (optional)

1 - Brimmed Hat, for sun protection
1 - Winter Hat
1 - Balaclava (optional)

1 - Gloves, thin
1 - Gloves, warm (waterproof recommended)

1 - Hiking Boots, warm, waterproof, broken-in
3 - Socks, wool or synthetic
1 - Gym Shoes, to wear at camp (optional)
1 - Gaiters, waterproof (optional)

1 - Sunglasses or Goggles
2 - Water Bottle (thermo recommended)
1 - Water Bladder (2 Liter)
1 - Towel, lightweight, quick-dry (optional)
1 - Pee Bottle, to avoid leaving tent at night (optional) 
5 - Dry Bags or Plastic Bags, various sizes, to keep gear dry and separate (optional)
1 - Backpack Cover, waterproof (optional)

Additional Equipment
1 - Head Lamp, with extra batteries
1 - Duffel Bag, 50-90L capacity, for porters to carry your equipment
1 - Daypack, 30-35L capacity, for you to carry your personal gear
1 - Sleeping Bag, warm, four seasons
1 - Camp Pillow, inflatable (optional)
1 - Trekking Poles, collapsable (highly recommended)

Other items:
Sunscreen (30 or 50, highly recommended)
Lip Balm (highly recommended)
Snacks, light-weight, high calorie, high energy (highly recommended)
Wet Wipes (recommended)
Insect Repellent, containing DEET (optional)
Electrolytes, powder or tablets (optional)
Camera, with extra batteries (optional)
Toiletries (optional)
Prescriptions (optional)
Personal First Aid Kit (optional)
Hand Sanitizer (optional)
Toilet Paper (optional)

Trip Receipt
Visa (available at JRO)
Immunization Papers
Travel Insurance

What will happen on arrival in Moshi before climbing Kilimanjaro?

Moshi Town is located right next to Mount Kilimanjaro

All Kilimanjaro Climbs start in Moshi Town, located south of Kilimanjaro. Moshi can be reached by plane from Dar es Salaam and even international flights to Kilimanjaro International Airport (airport code: JRO). The town itself is a 40 minutes to 1 hour drive away from the airport. Tanzania Horizon Safaris offers pick up services for all our clients to your accomodation. We offer 3 different accommodation categories that you can see here. Even though it is possible to start climbing on your arrival day we highly recommend to spend at least one night in Moshi to recover from your flight and to adapt a bit to the climate in Moshi.

On your arrival day we will take you to your accommodation and give you a first briefing. You will meet your mountain guide for a health check up and to check your Climbing Gear. We will also ask you for your required Travel Insurance. You can bring all your gear - or simply rent it on arrival so that you don’t have to carry it in your luggage. If any important gear should be missing you will be able to rent it prior to your climb. Your guide will talk about your Climbing Route, the current weather situation and everything you need to know prior to your climb. You will also be provided with a brochure and our Safety Guidelines. All that will help you to prepare mentally for the next days on the mountain. After a relaxing night at your hotel we will meet you in the morning for a last briefing where you will meet your crew with all guides and porters. Together we will drive to the Kilimanjaro National Park Gate according to your Climbing Route. You will be able to leave the luggage that you don’t need during your climb at your accomodation where it will be kept securly.

After your climb you can add Daytrips to waterfalls, coffee plantations, Arusha National Park or even a longer time Safari to Serengeti and other beautiful Nationalparks of Tanzania and Zanzibar to relax on the beach.

Please contact us for further information - we will be happy to assist you!

Moshi Town is located south of Kilimanjaro

Moshi Town with a view of Mount Kilimanjaro

How do you care for your local staff?



To climb Kilimanjaro you are entering Kilimanjaro National Park. It is required to have a professional team of guides and porters for every climber for safety reasons. You will not be allowed to enter Kilimanjaro National Park by yourself. On your first climbing day we will pick you up from your accomodation in Moshi where we will weigh your Daypack & Duffelbag again and you will meet the entire crew. We will start together driving to the gate according to your itinery. At the entrance gate of Mount Kilimanjaro National Park your climbing luggage is checked again and you will register to the park authorities. Porter loads are limited to 20 kg. Try to limit your Duffel Bag to 15kg as the bag weighs about 2kg itself. You will soon find out the porters are the real heroes of Mount Kilimanjaro as they are climbing the mountain basically every week. Tanzania Horizon Safaris makes sure that our guides & porters have the right gear and equipment to handle the mountain and that their sleeping bags and tents are sufficiently warm. All our crew members have a long experience of climbing Kilimanjaro and they have been climbing Mount Kilimanjaro together for several times so each crew members knows exactly what to do and how to work together as a team. You will experience the team spirit from your first to last on the mountain.

Tanzania Horizon Safaris Climbing Kilimanjaro (17).jpg

Tanzania Horizon Safaris holds the following porter treatment standards:

KIlimanjaro 7 Days Lemosho Route
  • Porters are paid a minimum of 10USD (20.000Tsh) per day, the wage amount accepted by the porter unions in 2014.

  • Salaries will be paid within 2 days of the descent of a climb

  • A transparent Tipping Procedure and clear Tipping Guidelines so that porters receive the full tip amount intended for them

  • Loads carried by the porter don’t exceed 20kg

  • extra luggage will require an extra porter that must paid additionally

  • Porters are provided with 3 meals per day

  • Porters have proper shelter conditions and sleeping equipment

  • Porters are outfitted with proper gear

  • Sick or injured porters are properly cared for

read more about tipping for the crew…

How much does it cost to climb Kilimanjaro?

Tanzania Horizon Safaris is an official Tour Operator in Tanzania.

We have high standards for all our clients and our staff and are constantly working to improve all our services. Climbing Kilimanjaro is not cheap - but you don’t have to spend a fortune for unnecessary things that you won’t need on the mountain. Most important is to have a safe climb at all times. All our experienced guides have climbed Mount Kilimanjaro for many years and have proven their professional work at all times. They have special trainings on safety and know how to react in difficult situations.

Therefore, we highly recommend to not select your Tour Operator only based on price! To provide great service and to pay our team well, there is a minimum rate required. At our rates we can pay all official park fees to enter Kilimanjaro National Park, to pay our professional guides and porters, high quality fresh food, climbing equipment & climbing gear.

Calculate your total costs:

  • Your Flights

  • Vaccination/Medicine

  • Your Visa

  • Climbing Gear (all gear can be rented on arrival)

  • Climbing Kilimanjaro (depends on your route/days)

  • Tipping for Guides & Porters

Our Kilimanjaro Climbs include the follwoing services:

  • Airport Transfers (before and after your climb)

  • Acommodation before and after your Climb

  • Entrance fees to Mount Kilimanjaro National Park (each day)

  • Climbing Certificate

  • Salary for Guides

  • Salary for Porters

  • Salary for your Cook

  • High quality, fresh food from the market

  • Climbing Equipment (tents, sleeping bags, mattresses, table, chairs, First Aid Kit)