Ruaha National Park is the largest national park in Tanzania. With its total size of about 20,226 square kilometres (7,809 sq mi), it is the largest park in Tanzania and East Africa.
The name of the park is derived from the Great Ruaha River, which flows along its southeastern margin and is the focus for game-viewing. The park can be reached by car on a dirt road from Iringa and there are two airstrips.
History and wildlife
Germany gazetted the Saba Game Reserve in 1910. British colonial authorities changed the name to the Rungwa Game Reserve in 1946. In 1964, the southern portion of the reserve was excised and elevated to full park status. More than 570 bird species have been identified in the park. Among the resident species are hornbills. Many migratory birds visit the park throughout the year. Other noted animals found in this park are East African cheetah and lions, African leopard and wild dog, spotted hyena, giraffes, hippopotamus, African buffalo, and sable antelope. Since 2005, the protected area is considered a Lion Conservation Unit.
There is a wide selection of accommodation in or near the park. The only lodge inside the park is the Ruaha River Lodge. There are also permanent or seasonal tented camps inside the park and a variety of cottages. Just outside the park boundaries are several accommodation facilities.