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Climbing Kilimanjaro

Which vaccinations do I need to travel to Tanzania?

We recommend to discuss your travel plans with your trusted doctor and see the recommended vaccines of your embassy for Tanzania, East Africa. Please read the following points carefully as a food poisoning or even slight stomach problems prior to your climb can decrease your success to summit Mount Kilimanjaro.

To minimize the risk, Tanzania Horizon Safaris recommends the following below:

  • Hepatitis A

  • Hepatitis B

  • Meningitis

  • Rabies

  • Typhoid fever

  • Tetanus-diphtheria

  • Measles

  • Polio

  • Yellow fever (important for travelers arriving from Kenya / Great Migration Safaris)
    (you will need a yellow fever vaccination proof to enter Tanzania in case that you are arriving from a country where yellow fever is present, such as Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Kongo, Ghana and others. If you are arriving from Europe, USA and other countries you do not need a yellow fever vaccination proof. If you you are transiting one of the countries mentioned above and your transit time is longer than 12 hours, you will be required to show a yellow fever vaccination approval. You will need to show your Yellow Fever vaccination approval when crossing the border from Kenya to Tanzania.
    Do I Need a Yellow Fever Certificate to Enter Tanzania?

    According to Tanzania’s entry requirements, if you are traveling from a place where there is a risk of yellow fever transmission, or if you are simply transiting through an affected nation, you may need to show a yellow fever certificate.

    Here are the countries with risk of yellow fever transmission that require a yellow fever certificate:

    AFRICA – Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, Uganda.
    THE AMERICAS – Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.

    Travelers from the United States, Asia, Europe, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand (places without danger of yellow fever transmission – do not need a yellow fever certificate if you are traveling directly from these countries. However, if you transit through one of the high risk countries listed above, you may be required to show a yellow fever certificate. This includes passengers flying through Nairobi, even if they do not leave the airport.

  • Malaria (optional)
    Please note that Malaria prevention is not necessarily recommended for your trip to Tanzania. Especially for climbing Kilimanjaro you will spend most of your time at higher altitude where Malaria is not present. You should also consider that Malaria prevention can cause side-effects and that it is no 100% guarantee to prevent Malaria infections. We only recommend it for safaris at the Southern Safari Circuit. Please talk to your health care provider about further details.
  • Medicine for Altitude Mountain Sickness (optional)
    Please note that it is not recommended nor promoted to use AMS prevention medicine. In fact, thousands of hikers manage to summit Kilimanjaro without those preventatives. AMS preventatives can cause side-effects such as nausea, stomach problems and fatigue which can lower your successful climb so please consider consulting your doctor before using such medicines.

  • Pain killers to treat light headache and muscle pain (optional)
    Sooner or later most hikers will experience some slight headache on the mountain due to the lack of oxygen. We are constantly monitoring the blood oxygen levels of our hikers but carrying some pain killers is recommended to be prepared for some light headache that might occur.

What Vaccinations and Medications Do I Need to climb Kilimanjaro?

The best prevention is to:

  • Always wash your hands with soap or alcohol-based hand rub before eating

  • Only drink bottled water or soft drinks without ice cubes

  • Use malaria prevention medicine as described by your doctor. Please note that Malaria prevention is not mandatory and not necessarily recommended for your trip to Tanzania.

  • Wear shoes when going outside to prevent paracide infections

  • Always use mosquito nets at night and mosquito repellent to avoid mosquito bites

  • Use light longsleeve shirts and light trousers when going outside, especially to forest areas

Try to avoid:

  • Don’t drink from dirty glasses or drinks with ice cubes

  • Don’t eat food from street vendors as you can not check the cleanliness of the cooking

  • Don’t swim in open water like lakes or rivers without asking your guides

  • Don’t touch animals to avoid contact to unknown paracides, this counts especially for wild animals in forests but also for cats and dogs in towns and poultry on farms and markets

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